Selecting the best investment portfolio that aligns with your financial goals and risk tolerance is crucial to make the most of your financial journey.
To help you make an informed decision, this blog post will explore the top 7 portfolio funds for fatFIRE investors. I will provide a detailed analysis of each portfolio’s asset allocation, background, and historical performance.
By examining each portfolio’s unique features, I can assist you in choosing the most suitable portfolio for your specific investment objectives.
- What is an Investment Portfolio?
- The Best Investment Portfolios for FatFIRE Investors
- Best FatFIRE Investment Portfolio: Historical Performance
- Which Investment Portfolio is Right for You?
- Best FatFIRE Investment Portfolio: Summary
- What’s Next?
What is an Investment Portfolio?
Investment portfolios consist of various financial assets, including stocks, bonds, cash, mutual funds, ETFs, and other investment instruments.
The primary objective of an investment portfolio is to achieve long-term growth, generate income, or attain specific financial goals, such as retirement or education funding.
Diversification is a crucial aspect of building the best investment portfolio, as it helps to reduce risk associated with individual assets and manage overall portfolio volatility. By spreading investments across different asset classes and sectors, investors can achieve more stable returns, as the performance of different investments may balance each other out over time.
Further, the best investment portfolios should be customized to an individual’s risk tolerance, financial goals, and investment time horizon. For instance, a younger investor with a higher risk tolerance and longer investment horizon might prefer a portfolio with a higher allocation of stocks. On the other hand, an older investor approaching retirement may prefer a more conservative portfolio with a higher allocation of bonds and cash.
By considering these factors and developing a diversified portfolio that aligns with their individual circumstances, investors can maximize their chances of achieving their long-term financial objectives.
What to Consider When Choosing an Investment Portfolio?
To construct a well-balanced, effective investment portfolio, investors should consider several critical factors.
Firstly, risk tolerance is a crucial factor as it reflects an investor’s ability and willingness to endure fluctuations in the value of their investments.
Secondly, investment goals are vital to determine the objectives that the investor aims to achieve, such as retirement, buying a home, or funding education.
Thirdly, time horizon is an essential consideration as it affects the investment strategy and risk-taking, depending on the length of time the investor has to achieve their financial objectives.
Fourthly, asset allocation is a fundamental process of dividing the investment portfolio among various asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, and cash, to balance risk and returns.
Lastly, rebalancing is a critical process of periodically adjusting the portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation and risk level, which may involve selling or buying assets to keep the portfolio in line with the investor’s objectives.
By carefully examining these factors and developing the best investment portfolio that aligns with their individual circumstances, investors can optimize their chances of achieving their long-term financial goals.
What is a FatFIRE Investment Portfolio?
A fatFIRE investment portfolio is customized to help investors achieve financial independence and retire early (FIRE) with a higher-than-average lifestyle. Unlike leanFIRE or regular FIRE approaches, the term “fatFIRE” implies that the desired post-retirement lifestyle includes more luxury and comfort.
To achieve this, a fatFIRE investment portfolio typically emphasizes generating higher returns and building a larger nest egg to support a more luxurious retirement lifestyle.
Furthermore, investors pursuing fatFIRE may prioritize dividend-paying stocks or income-generating assets to provide a steady stream of passive income during retirement.
By focusing on these factors and designing the best investment portfolio that aligns with their investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon, investors can increase their chances of achieving fatFIRE and enjoying a comfortable retirement with a higher standard of living.
How is a FatFIRE Investment Portfolio Different?
To understand the differences between a fatFIRE investment portfolio and a regular investment portfolio, it’s essential to examine their unique features.
Firstly, the primary goal of a fatFIRE portfolio is to achieve financial independence and retire early (FIRE) while maintaining a more luxurious lifestyle during retirement. In contrast, a regular investment portfolio focuses on traditional financial goals such as retirement, education funding, or wealth accumulation.
Secondly, a fatFIRE portfolio may have a higher OR lower risk tolerance than a regular investment portfolio, as the investor seeks higher, but also more stable returns to support a more affluent retirement lifestyle. This often involves a higher allocation to growth-oriented assets, such as stocks or real estate, during the accumulation phase, and even more allocation to bonds and income-generating assets during the preservation phase.
Third, to achieve fatFIRE goals, investors typically need to save and invest a more significant portion of their income compared to those following a traditional investment path, even with a higher earning. The higher savings rate plus more earnings together help build the larger nest egg required to support a luxurious retirement lifestyle.
Fourthly, fatFIRE investors often have a shorter time horizon than regular investors, as they aim to achieve financial independence and retire early. This shorter time horizon can impact the investment strategy, with a greater emphasis on aggressive growth or risk to reach their goals faster.
Finally, fatFIRE investors may require more advanced financial planning, including tax optimization strategies, estate planning, and risk management, to ensure they can sustain their desired lifestyle throughout retirement. Regular investment portfolios may not require the same level of detailed planning as the financial goals and retirement lifestyles are more conventional.
The Best Investment Portfolios for FatFIRE Investors
Here are the top 7 best investment portfolios for investors looking to achieve financial independence and retire early with a higher-than-average lifestyle.
First, we’ll review each investment portfolio in detail below. Then, we’ll explain why they are ideal for those who want to fatFIRE.
- The Three-Fund Portfolio: A simple, low-cost, and diversified strategy consisting of three total market index funds (domestic stocks, international stocks, and bonds).
- The All Weather Portfolio: Created by Ray Dalio, this portfolio aims to perform well in various economic conditions by balancing risk and return. It includes stocks, long-term bonds, intermediate bonds, gold, and commodities.
- The Golden Butterfly Portfolio: A variation of the Permanent Portfolio with an emphasis on growth and inflation protection. It consists of domestic stocks, small-cap value stocks, long-term bonds, short-term bonds, and gold.
- The Permanent Portfolio: Designed by Harry Browne to weather different economic conditions, this portfolio balances growth and stability with allocations in stocks, bonds, cash, and gold.
- Vanguard Target Retirement Funds: A series of low-cost, diversified mutual funds with asset allocations that automatically adjust over time, based on the investor’s target retirement date.
- The 60/40 Portfolio: A classic investment strategy with 60% allocated to stocks (domestic and international) and 40% allocated to bonds, providing a balance between growth and income with moderate risk.
- Dividend Growth Portfolio: A portfolio focused on dividend-paying stocks from companies with a history of consistent dividend growth, providing investors with a growing income stream and potential for capital appreciation
#1 . The Three-Fund Portfolio
The Three-Fund Portfolio is a simple, low-cost, and diversified investment strategy that consists of three total market index funds: domestic stocks, international stocks, and bonds. This straightforward approach is ideal for investors who value simplicity and broad market exposure.
- Total Stock Market Index Fund: typically around 60%
- Total International Stock Index Fund: typically around 30%
- Total Bond Market Index Fund: typically around 10%
Author: Taylor Larimore, co-author of “The Bogleheads’ Guide to Investing”
Book: “The Bogleheads’ Guide to the Three-Fund Portfolio” by Taylor Larimore.
#2. The All Weather Portfolio
The All Weather Portfolio is designed to perform well in various economic conditions by balancing risk and return. This portfolio is suitable for investors seeking a more conservative approach with a focus on capital preservation and steady growth.
- 30% Stocks
- 40% Long-Term Bonds
- 15% Intermediate-Term Bonds
- 7.5% Gold
Author: The All Weather Portfolio was created by Ray Dalio, the founder of Bridgewater Associates, one of the world’s largest hedge funds. Ray Dalio is an American billionaire investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist..
#3. The Golden Butterfly Portfolio
The Golden Butterfly Portfolio is a variation of the Permanent Portfolio that aims to provide a balanced and diversified investment strategy with an emphasis on asset allocation. It is designed to perform well in various economic conditions while minimizing risk and volatility. The portfolio achieves this by allocating assets across different asset classes, including stocks, bonds, and gold. This portfolio is an excellent choice for investors seeking a mix of stability and growth potential.
- Domestic Stocks: 20%
- Small-cap Value Stocks: 20%
- Long-term Bonds: 20%
- Short-term Bonds: 20%
- Gold: 20%
Author: Tyler, creator of Portfolio Charts. He is an anonymous blogger at PortfolioCharts.com. He is a self-taught investor and an advocate for passive investing, portfolio optimization, and financial independence.
#4. The Permanent Portfolio
The Permanent Portfolio is designed to be a simple, low-risk investment strategy that performs well in various economic conditions. It achieves this by allocating assets evenly across four different asset classes: stocks, bonds, gold, and cash. The goal is to provide long-term growth with minimal volatility, making it suitable for conservative investors. This portfolio is suitable for investors looking for a balance between growth and stability.
- Stocks: 25%
- Bonds: 25%
- Cash: 25%
- Gold: 25%
Author: Harry Browne, investment analyst, and author. He introduced the concept in his 1981 book, “Inflation-Proofing Your Investments.”
- “Fail-Safe Investing” by Harry Browne
- “The Permanent Portfolio: Harry Browne’s Long-Term Investment Strategy” by Craig Rowland and J. M. Lawson
#5. Vanguard Target Retirement Funds
These funds offer a simple, diversified, and low-cost solution for retirement investors. The funds automatically adjust the asset allocation over time, reducing the level of risk as the investor approaches retirement. Each fund is designed for investors planning to retire around a specific target date, such as 2040 or 2050.
Asset Allocation: These funds are designed to provide a balanced and diversified mix of stocks and bonds, with the allocation adjusted based on the target retirement date. The asset allocation becomes more conservative as the target date approaches, shifting from a higher stock allocation to a higher bond allocation.
Author: The Vanguard Group, a U.S. investment management company founded by John C. Bogle in 1975.
- “The Little Book of Common Sense Investing” by John C. Bogle: https://www.amazon.com/Little-Book-Common-Sense-Investing/dp/1119404509
- “The Bogleheads’ Guide to Investing” by Taylor Larimore, Mel Lindauer, and Michael LeBoeuf: https://www.amazon.com/Bogleheads-Guide-Investing-Taylor-Larimore/dp/1118921283
#6. The 60/40 Portfolio
The 60/40 Portfolio is a simple and popular investment strategy that aims to provide a balance between growth and stability. It is suitable for a wide range of investors, particularly those seeking moderate risk exposure and long-term growth potential.
- 60% stocks
- 40% bonds
Author: The 60/40 Portfolio strategy does not have a specific author, as it is a widely used and well-known investment principle. It is based on Modern Portfolio Theory, developed by Harry Markowitz, an American economist and Nobel laureate, in the 1950s.
#7. Dividend Growth Portfolio
A Dividend Growth Portfolio is an investment strategy that focuses on selecting companies with a strong track record of dividend growth. The goal is to generate passive income and achieve long-term capital appreciation while minimizing risk through diversification.
Asset Allocation: A Dividend Growth Portfolio primarily consists of dividend-paying stocks, with a focus on companies that have a history of consistently increasing their dividend payouts over time. The exact asset allocation will vary depending on the investor’s risk tolerance and investment goals.
Author: There isn’t a specific author for the Dividend Growth Portfolio concept, as it is a widely known and applied investment strategy. Many financial experts and authors have written about this approach in their books and articles.
- “The Dividend Growth Investment Strategy” by Roxann Klugman:
- “Dividend Growth Machine: How to Build a Worry-Free Retirement with Dividend Stocks” by Nathan Winklepleck
Best FatFIRE Investment Portfolio: Historical Performance
To provide you with a clearer picture of the portfolios’ historical performance, here are their returns across various time frames as of 12/31/2021.
It’s worth to note that the returns of the Dividend Growth Portfolio “varies” based on the specific stocks chosen for the portfolio. Also, the returns of the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats Index are included here as a benchmark for comparison purposes.
It’s also important to clarify that the returns shown are calculated as of 12/31/2021. Therefore, a 10-year return means the ten years that ended on 12/31/2021 (i.e., 12/31/2011 to 12/31/2021).
With this in mind, you can evaluate the portfolio’s historical performance across different time frames, which can provide insights into its performance in various market conditions.
|Portfolio||5Yr Return||10Yr Return||20Yr Return||30Yr Return|
|Vanguard Target 2050||12.95%||9.93%||7.36%||8.59%|
|S&P 500 Index||12.98%||12.57%||9.97%||11.25%|
Which Investment Portfolio is Right for You?
When selecting a portfolio that best suits their investment goals and risk tolerance, readers should consider various factors, including investment goals, risk tolerance, time horizon, diversification, historical performance, and tax efficiency.
Regarding investment goals, readers should assess their investment objectives, whether it’s for retirement, a down payment on a house, or other purposes. Different investment goals may require different investment strategies.
Risk tolerance is another crucial factor to consider. Investors should determine how much risk they are comfortable taking on, as all investments come with some level of risk. Selecting a portfolio that aligns with one’s risk tolerance is essential.
Readers should also take into account their time horizon. For instance, those with a long-term time horizon may be able to take on more risk to achieve potentially higher returns.
Diversification is also crucial, as it can help to reduce risk by spreading investments across different asset classes. Investors should evaluate the portfolio’s diversification level.
Furthermore, while past performance is not a guarantee of future results, reviewing historical performance can help investors understand how a portfolio has performed in different market conditions.
Lastly, it’s crucial to consider the tax implications of investments, as taxes can significantly impact investment returns. Investors should evaluate the portfolio’s tax efficiency.
In summary, these decision criteria are essential when selecting the most appropriate portfolio for investment goals and risk tolerance. By carefully evaluating these factors, investors can make informed decisions that maximize their chances of achieving their long-term financial objectives.
|The Three-Fund Portfolio||The All Weather Portfolio||The Golden Butterfly Portfolio||The Permanent Portfolio||Vanguard Target Retirement Funds||The 60/40 Portfolio||Dividend Growth Portfolio|
|Asset Allocation||US Stocks, International Stocks, Bonds||Stocks, Long-Term Bonds, Intermediate-Term Bonds, Gold, Commodities||US Stocks, Small-Cap Value Stocks, Long-Term Bonds, Short-Term Bonds, Gold||Stocks, Bonds, Gold, Cash||Varies by target date (US Stocks, International Stocks, US Bonds, International Bonds)||Stocks, Bonds||Dividend-Paying Stocks|
|Risk Level||Moderate||Low-Moderate||Low-Moderate||Low||Varies by target date||Moderate||Moderate-Low|
|Suitability for Early Retirement||Moderate||Moderate-High||Moderate-High||Moderate-Low||Varies by target date||Moderate||Moderate-Low|
|Investor Type||Beginner to Advanced||Experienced||Experienced||Experienced||Beginner to Experienced||Beginner to Experienced||Experienced|
Best FatFIRE Investment Portfolio: Summary
When it comes to selecting an investment portfolio for FatFire readers, several factors need to be considered. These include investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.
Among the portfolios we’ve discussed, including the Three-Fund Portfolio, All Weather Portfolio, Golden Butterfly Portfolio, Permanent Portfolio, Vanguard Target Retirement Funds, 60/40 Portfolio, and Dividend Growth Portfolio, each has unique characteristics and may be appropriate for different investors.
For those seeking a straightforward and diversified approach, the Three-Fund Portfolio or Vanguard Target Retirement Funds may be the best fit.
Investors looking for a risk-managed strategy might find the All Weather or Golden Butterfly Portfolio a suitable option.
The Permanent Portfolio may be ideal for those preferring a defensive approach that mixes asset classes.
The 60/40 Portfolio, with its balance of stocks and bonds, may suit those looking for simplicity and long-term performance.
Lastly, the Dividend Growth Portfolio may appeal to those focusing on dividend-paying stocks.
However, keep in mind that past performance is not a guarantee of future outcomes. Seeking guidance from a financial advisor who can provide personalized advice based on individual circumstances is recommended.
Inflation worries keeping you up at night? Learn how to deal with the worst scenario: Hyperinflation Survival Guide: Strategy and Tactics
You will be hacked in the next 5 years if you don’t do these: How to Stay Safe Online and Avoid Scams
Should you rent or buy? Try out another calculator: The Ultimate Rent vs Buy Calculator